The department of biology was established right after the university was opened for students in 1885. Currently the institute is one of the largest at the university. The institute provides academic programs in areas of agronomy, biology, soil sciences, ecology, forestry studies, and landscape architecture. Since the first year the students can carry put field practice in different Siberian regions. Biological Institute conducts research in different areas (e.g. its research team developed cheap way to clean sediment from oil, based on the method of flotation).
Also the researchers carry out studies in biotechnology, medicinal plants, optimization of reforestation in Western Siberia, cytogenetic studies, and etc. The institute collaborates with universities from Austria, Canada, the USA, China, France, Germany, and Austria. The graduates work in state authorities, educational and research organizations, and large Russian companies such as Gazprom, Rosneft, Rosatom, and others.