History of Russian Higher Education

Picture №1 – History of Russian higher education 1687

Founding of Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy, the first university in Russia.

Picture №2 – History of Russian higher education 1724

Founding of Petersburg Academy of Sciences, the forerunner of the current Russian Academy of Sciences.

Picture №3 – History of Russian higher education 1755

Founding of Moscow State University (since 1940, M. Lomonosov MSU).

Picture №4 – History of Russian higher education 1870

First higher courses for women are opened.

Picture №5 – History of Russian higher education 1899

56 universities operating in Russia.

Picture №6 – History of Russian higher education 1904

Distinguished Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov, a graduate of the Petersburg University (now SPbGU), is the first Russian to be awarded the Nobel prize for research on the physiology of digestion.

Picture №7 – History of Russian higher education 1913

4 500 people teach in higher education in Russia, 127 400 people study at universities across the country.

Picture №8 – History of Russian higher education 1917

150 universities in Russia.

Picture №9 – History of Russian higher education 1918

Russia is the first country in the world to make higher education free. A decree is passed which allows workers to be admitted to university from the age of 16. This right is extended to all regardless of citizenship, sex, or possession of a school leaver’s certificate.

Picture №10 – History of Russian higher education 1918-1919

Dozens of new universities are created. They are mainly established in the major cities of the Soviet Republic.

Picture №11 – History of Russian higher education 1928

The first polytechnic institutes are founded.

Picture №12 – History of Russian higher education 1930

During reform of higher education, universities are subordinated to governmental agencies. They create industrial institutes based in the faculties of major universities. In the 1930s, over 40 teaching, medical, economic and other institutes are founded. Academic departments were assigned to research institutes. The first evening and correspondence departments and institutes are opened.

Picture №13 – History of Russian higher education 1944-1945

A fund of thesis papers is created.
In the last years of the Second World War, 60 new universities are opened.

Picture №14 – History of Russian higher education 1950-е

Consolidation of universities takes place as part of efforts to improve the quality of education. Universities and departments for education specialists in the field of radioelectronics and electronic and computer engineering, automatics, biological physics, and biochemistry are opened.

Picture №15 – History of Russian higher education 1981

494 state universities operate in the USSR.

Picture №16 – History of Russian higher education 1990

180 000 international students at educational institutions in Russia.

Picture №17 – History of Russian higher education 2003

Russia signs the Bologna Declaration becoming part of the single European higher education system.

Picture №18 – History of Russian higher education 2007

Bachelor’s, Specialty and Master’s Programmes are introduced in Russia.

Picture №19 – History of Russian higher education 2010

Graduates of MIPT Andrei Geim and Konstantin Novoselov are awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of graphene. Russia has given the world a total of 42 Nobel Prize winners.

Picture №20 – History of Russian higher education 2013

Law expanding citizens’ rights to education comes into force and establishes requirements for educational programmes and standards, guaranteeing compliance with global education standards.


Picture №21 – History of Russian higher education

The Russian Academic Excellence Project 5-100 is launched, which aims to increase the competitiveness of leading Russian universities at the international level.

Picture №22 – History of Russian higher education 2014

More than 50 Russian universities are ranked among the best universities in the BRICS countries by the British company Quacquarelli Symonds (QS). Twenty of them are in the top one hundred.


Picture №23 – History of Russian higher education

Seven Russian universities make the top 100 list of the best universities in the BRICS countries and other emerging economies of the world by respected UK publication Times Higher Education.

2015-2016
Picture №24 – History of Russian higher education

There are 896 universities in Russia.


Picture №25 – History of Russian higher education

MEPhI and NSU and MSU are in the top 100 of the QS WU Rankings by Subject for Physics and Astronomy.

Picture №26 – History of Russian higher education

MSU and MIPT are ranked in the top 150 of the ARWU in Physics.

Picture №27 – History of Russian higher education

Russian universities have won 20 position in the first hundred of the QS WU Rankings by Subject.


Picture №28 – History of Russian higher education

55 Russian universities are ranked in top 100 of the QS University Rankings: BRICS.

Picture №29 – History of Russian higher education

64 Russian universities are ranked in the QS University Rankings for Emerging Europe and Central Asia.

Picture №29 – History of Russian higher education

MSU, SPbSU, MIPT are ranked in the top 100 of THE World University Rankings.

Share

CONTACTS

© 2015 The Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation Sociocentre

Privacy Policy

If you find a mistake, select it and press Ctrl+Enter

If you find a mistake, contact us

Did you find a mistake?

Protection from automated form filling
X