Education in Russia vs USA

Education in Russia vs USA
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Education system in Russia is different from the one in the USA, the contrasts are both minor and significant, at all study stages. We have made an analysis how do American and Russian schools and universities compare to understand how Russian education correlates with American education.

Preschool Education

Russia: a system of kindergartens is developed throughout the country, where children receive pre-school education while playing. Children are brought to such facilities aged of 2 or 3 and stay there until they are 6 or 7 depending on the region.

USA: preschool education is carried out by parents and family members; schools have so-called reception classes, where children are brought at the age of 5. Reception class is optional but almost everyone attends it.

School Education

The difference between Russian and American schools lies in the structure and the approach to the study process.

Russia: school is conventionally divided into primary, secondary and senior, and all stages can be attended in the same educational institution. The programme for primary and secondary school is designed to be equal for all pupils in the class, whereas in senior school several subjects can be optional (elective) as required for future study in Russian Institutions.

USA: junior, secondary and senior school can operate in different educational institutions. Junior school offers a unified programme, whereas secondary school adds elective courses to the compulsory programme. In senior school a pupil makes independently more than 50% of the schedule planning his/her future education. Along with community schools, there are private schools, and if we make a comparison between state and private schools, it becomes obvious that the latter provide enhanced knowledge of many subjects.

In Russia: children can enter any school, regardless of their residence address, although the priority is given to children living in the area of the given district of the city and registered here.

American cities are divided into school districts, this division determines which school the child will attend, depending on the address to which he lives. Intellectual abilities of the child are not taken into account, he will still go to the school that is assigned to his address. To enroll in another school, one will first have to move to a new home, in another district.

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Higher Education

Russian and American systems of higher education have many differences in educational process organization and in the form of submissions.

In Russia it is possible to study at the university for free, if you pass through the competition, and in the US the education is paid.

Russia: to enter a university, you should pass the Unified State Examination and score the required number of points or pass entrance exams. There are 2 semesters that make an academic year. At the end of every semester is the examination session, that is, the cycle of examinations and tests and term paper defense.

USA: enrollment to the university is a multi-stage process, which includes questioning, writing an essay, interviewing and teachers' recommendations. In addition to school assessments, extra-curricular work and personal qualities are taken into account. Assessment takes place at examinations; within the academic semester much attention is paid to regular knowledge tests. 

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