Secondary education in Russia is compulsory for all children and is provided at the place of residence at schools, lyceums and gymnasiums. Scholarship starts at the age of 6-7 and takes 11 years for now. Educational institutions of all types of ownership adhere to the State program of the Ministry of Education with the opportunity of in-depth study of selected subjects.
Secondary Education Stages
The secondary education system consists of three stages, corresponding to the age of children and their learning opportunities:
- Elementary school includes grades 1-4 where children enter after kindergarten. At this stage, the generated classes study different subjects with the same teacher; much attention is paid not only to the study of disciplines, but also to the comprehensive development of students. Many visual aids and methods of presenting information are used during the lessons, game elements or author’s methodologies may also take place;
- Grades 5 to 9 are the final stage of the school education compulsory part. The curriculum substantially expands the list of subjects, and they are read by different teachers, each specializes in one discipline. After grade 9, a student can enter a college or a technical school for vocational education;
- Russian high school includes grades 10 and 11 and is a preparatory stage for a university. On this stage scholars decide on the future profession and focus on the subjects necessary for the exams.