History of Russian Higher Education

History of Russian higher education 1687

Founding of Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy, the first university in Russia.

History of Russian higher education 1724

Founding of Petersburg Academy of Sciences, the forerunner of the current Russian Academy of Sciences.

History of Russian higher education 1755

Founding of Moscow State University (since 1940, M. Lomonosov MSU).

History of Russian higher education 1870

First higher courses for women are opened.

History of Russian higher education 1899

56 universities operating in Russia.

History of Russian higher education 1904

Distinguished Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov, a graduate of the Petersburg University (now SPbGU), is the first Russian to be awarded the Nobel prize for research on the physiology of digestion.

History of Russian higher education 1913

4 500 people teach in higher education in Russia, 127 400 people study at universities across the country.

History of Russian higher education 1917

150 universities in Russia.

History of Russian higher education 1918

Russia is the first country in the world to make higher education free. A decree is passed which allows workers to be admitted to university from the age of 16. This right is extended to all regardless of citizenship, sex, or possession of a school leaver’s certificate.

History of Russian higher education 1918-1919

Dozens of new universities are created. They are mainly established in the major cities of the Soviet Republic.

History of Russian higher education 1928

The first polytechnic institutes are founded.

History of Russian higher education 1930

During reform of higher education, universities are subordinated to governmental agencies. They create industrial institutes based in the faculties of major universities. In the 1930s, over 40 teaching, medical, economic and other institutes are founded. Academic departments were assigned to research institutes. The first evening and correspondence departments and institutes are opened.

History of Russian higher education 1944-1945

A fund of thesis papers is created.
In the last years of the Second World War, 60 new universities are opened.

History of Russian higher education 1950-е

Consolidation of universities takes place as part of efforts to improve the quality of education. Universities and departments for education specialists in the field of radioelectronics and electronic and computer engineering, automatics, biological physics, and biochemistry are opened.

History of Russian higher education 1981

494 state universities operate in the USSR.

History of Russian higher education 1990

180 000 international students at educational institutions in Russia.

History of Russian higher education 2003

Russia signs the Bologna Declaration becoming part of the single European higher education system.

History of Russian higher education 2007

Bachelor’s, Specialty and Master’s Programmes are introduced in Russia.

History of Russian higher education 2010

Graduates of MIPT Andrei Geim and Konstantin Novoselov are awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of graphene. Russia has given the world a total of 42 Nobel Prize winners.

История образования в России 2014

Twenty-one Russian universities appear in QS overall rankings.

История образования в России 2013

Academic excellence Project 5-100 is launched to boost the leading domestic universities competitiveness in the global education market.

A new Russian law extends citizens’ rights in education and sets requirements for education programmes and standards to meet world education norms.

История образования в России 2015

Thirteen Russian universities listed in Times Higher Education world university rankings

История образования в России 2017

Russia launches priority project «The Development of the Export Potential of the Russian Education System».

24 universities in QS overall rankings.

28 universities take more than 140 positions in 38 QS rankings by subject and faculty.

27 universities among the world’s best in THE rankings.

История образования в России 2016

Russia has 896 universities.

Twenty two are among the best in QS rankings.

THE overall university rankings tables include 24 Russian universities.


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